Literature review on cervical cancer
The Institutional Review Board of the University of Cape Coast gave ethical approval for the study and informed consent was obtained from participants.
This study aims to assess whether other cofactors, which might be specific for the Chinese population, are involved in the development of cervical cancer.
In order to select the study participants within the households in each community, a coin was tossed and the direction where the head pointed was used to select the first household.
This means that the majority of the respondents were still within the reproductive age group. Data were collected from women who were available at the time of data collection.
This was necessary as the study was conducted in a predominately Fante urban community. Thirty-two point seven percent of the women were aged 20—29 years and The test is considered the most effective cancer-screening technique ever discovered.
Cervical cancer pdf 2017
Earlier works have reported that referral and recommendations by a doctor are strong motivators for participating in cervical cancer screening programs. To widen the scope and summarise all risk factors for CC, this study aimed to conduct an up-to-date systematic review in both English and Chinese databases in English and Chinese language. Nonetheless, routine tests with Pap smears can greatly minimize the risks of dying from cervical cancer. An educational pamphlet developed by the Ministry of Health was used to educate those who lacked understanding about the disease and screening facilities available. The majority of the women lacked knowledge about cervical cancer and the Pap smear test. Painful screening experiences and embarrassment with genital examination have been cited as factors that inhibit participation. Evidence suggests that inadequate information on cervical cancer screening at the community level could be an important barrier in low—middle income countries in sub-Saharan Africa. These were lack of screening sites, screening sites being too far away, limited information on cervical cancer, and absence of health education programs. The respondents were mainly petty traders and fishmongers. Other reasons that emerged for seeking a Pap smear test included fear of cervical cancer and messages from radio campaigns. First, random sampling was used to select the study communities. In Ghana, a lack of policy on mass screening could be contributing to low screening rates.
In Ghana and other developing countries, there is poor institutional framework to promote screening.
based on 84 review