Roman emperor

View Images Sports Fan Elagabalus idolized the strength, speed, and beauty of charioteers, as depicted in this third-century mosaic from Sicily.

Last roman emperor

The scandals and excesses of the emperor apparently knew no bounds. Elagabalus was finally assassinated at the age of eighteen by who else? Others on the list provided to us by the Roman historian Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus, commonly known as Suetonius ca. Had his co-heir Gemellus shunted out of political power, and then executed for good measure, Reported to have had relations with all of his sisters , with Julia Drusilla being the one he actually married. The evolution of the church in the no-longer imperial city of Rome and the church in the now supreme Constantinople began to follow divergent paths, culminating in the schism between the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox faiths. They came across Aurelius Zoticus, an athlete from Smyrna, who apparently fit the bill. The Real Caligula Barrett says there are serious difficulties in accounting for the life and reign of the Emperor Caligula. Macrinus was a mere praetor, a judicial official, with little political experience. The later period of the empire is today called the Byzantine Empire as a matter of scholarly convention. Breaking with tradition Despite the lure of imperial life in Rome, the new emperor made his own rules with no regard for Roman customs and culture. This act, probably more than any other, shocked Rome to the core.

Lineages and epochs[ edit ] Main article: Roman Emperor Principate The nature of the imperial office and the Principate was established under Julius Caesar 's heir and posthumously adopted son, Caesar Augustusand his own heirs, the descendants of his wife Livia from her first marriage to a scion of the distinguished Claudian clan.

Thought he was a god.

Tiberius roman emperors

According to one account, he captured the attention of the Roman soldiers stationed there. He became consul in 13 BCE. Elagabalus opened up the imperial baths to the public so that he could enjoy watching the users bathe naked. Ancient Rome — 6 burning questions Some emperors, like Nero or Domitian, have passed into history as models of erratic, paranoid tyrants; others, like Diocletian, were able administrators, providing good government unless you happened to be a Christian, in which case you were in great peril. All his successors bore only a title of "Elected Roman Emperor". In the end it was his rather childish taunting of Cassius Chaerea, a member of the Praetorian guard, which brought Gaius down. However, he had a gloomy and increasingly suspicious outlook that won him few friends and led him into a bitter dispute with Agrippina, the widow of his war hero nephew Germanicus. Flavius Sabinus and Vespasia Polla. Details are sketchy, but we do know that the plot failed and Sejanus was executed. He certainly turned the surplus he inherited from his father into a heavy deficit. A triumphal imperator of the Republic had the right to wear the toga picta of solid purple, richly embroidered for the duration of the triumphal rite. Bust of the Roman emperor Tiberius. Would beat people with more hair than him, which was pretty much everyone without alopecia universalis. Unable to counter this encroachment on Byzantine territory, Nikephoros' successor Michael I Rangabe capitulated; in return for the restoration of the captured territories, Michael sent Byzantine delegates to Aachen in who recognized Charlemagne as Basileus. However, the good times were not to last.

The period of Caligula's 4-year reign is missing from Tacitus' account of the Julio-Claudians. He would often sit on the throne, paranoid, fearful of those closest to him.

Caligula's nephew, also cruel, perverted, egotistical and insane; in short, a chip off the old block.

nero roman emperors

The emperors listed in this article are those generally agreed to have been 'legitimate' emperors, and who appear in published regnal lists. Unfortunately, as the eastern half of the empire flourished, the west declined, even the city of Rome fell into ruin, until, finally, in CE, the last emperor surrendered.

Roman emperor

Unable to counter this encroachment on Byzantine territory, Nikephoros' successor Michael I Rangabe capitulated; in return for the restoration of the captured territories, Michael sent Byzantine delegates to Aachen in who recognized Charlemagne as Basileus. Violence, rebellion and sexual exploitation: the darker side of Ancient Rome Gaius declared himself a god and used his divine status to establish what was, in effect, an absolutist monarchy in Rome. Marcus Aurelius wrote Meditations, regarded as a classic work on Stoicism Commodus[ edit ] Something's shocked Commodus. Job for life Finally, once on the throne, there was no easy exit. Years later and the only thing named after him is the commode. Vespasian, who then became emperor, launched a building plan and restoration of the city of Rome at a time when its wealth had been depleted by civil wars and irresponsible leadership. He was actually a competent administrator, and he was aided by some very able men, including his tutor — the writer Seneca. He was finally strangled to death in his bath by his wrestling partner, Narcissus, but during his reign, he's credited with single-handedly ending the Pax Romana or Pax Commodiana as it was known during his time. Any individual who was nominated as heir or co-emperor by a legitimate emperor 1 , and who succeeded to rule in his own right, is a legitimate emperor 2. The projects were so massive that Rome didn't have the money needed. Young Bassianus did bear a striking family resemblance to Caracalla, although he was, in fact, just a cousin.

Note that although the word Caesar signifies the ruler of the Roman emperor, in the case of the first of the Caesars, it was just his name.

In the West, the office of emperor soon degenerated into being little more than a puppet of a succession of Germanic tribal kingsuntil finally the Heruli Odoacer simply overthrew the child-emperor Romulus Augustulus inshipped the imperial regalia to the Emperor Zeno in Constantinople and became King of Italy.

In 19 AD, five years into his reign, Tiberius's heir apparent Germanicus, who was his nephew and adopted son, fell ill and died.

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The Worst Roman Emperors: 8 of the Bloodiest Rulers